The Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) concept deals with the need for a strong and ethical ecology that reflects the broader social and cultural morality of society. To be able to develop this ecology, support must be given not only from governments but from all stakeholders, but not least from the private business sector.
Over time, the private sector has always been subject to public scrutiny. The information today understood by corporate social responsibility was strongly influenced by the different economic systems, the evolution of the modern company and the corporate responsibility assumptions.
Cadbury's 1909 example is a remarkable example when trying to put CSR into context. These questions were in many respects the same as today's. First, companies were there and many feel they have the duty to maintain certain human rights, even if they have no legal responsibility. Secondly, companies that purchase commodities or processed products were considered to affect the behavior of their products and take responsibility. These superiors were involved in the 1909 court case and have a central role in modern corporate social responsibility, such as ethical trade.
Social responsibility was established in the early 1960's and 1970's, after many multinational companies created the concept of stakeholders, that is, their impact on an organization's activities. The owners of the company were used over interested parties as a result of an important book, "Strategic Management" by Edward Freeman; stakeholder approach in 1984. Supporters argue that companies produce longer-term profit prospects, while critics complain that CSR distracts the business's economic role. Others argue that CSR is merely a window binding or an attempt to prevent the role of government as over strong multinational corporations.
DETERMINING SOCIAL SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
"Social Responsibility" may also refer to Corporate Consciousness, Citizenship and Social Performance. It is a self-regulation form integrated into a business model. The CSR policy works as a built-in, self-regulating mechanism in which business activities monitor and actively support the spirit of law, ethical norms and international norms. Corporate Social Responsibility is intended to encourage the company's activities and to encourage its positive impact on the environment, consumers, workers, communities, earthquakes and all members of the public who can also be considered as spinal nurses.
The purpose of CSR is to support the organization's mission as well as a guide to the company and support consumers. Development business ethics is one of the forms of ethics applied, which examines ethical principles and moral considerations, and problems in the business environment. ISO 26000 is a recognized international standard for CSR. The public sector (eg the United Nations) fits into the triad end point (TBL). It is widely accepted that CSR insists on similar principles, but there is no formal legal regulation. The United Nations has developed the principle of responsible investment as an investor organization.
Sustainable Development Business Council in the publication; that Lord Holmes and Richard Watts set up good business sensitivities, defined corporate social responsibility as a continuous business engagement to ethically look and contribute to economic development while improving the quality of life of work and their families, as well as local communities and society.
Well-functioning CSR assists in supporting the company's business purpose, builds relationships with key landlords whose opinions are most sensitive during difficult times and reduce business costs and maximize efficiency.
Challenges to Corporate Social Responsibility
Criticism and critical criticisms reflected the concept of CSR and made the audience vulnerable to the existence of social responsibility. One of the challenges faced by this concept is the challenge people use. We assume that we are talking about responsibility, how it performs the basic function of the company – not just money-making companies.
Some key arguments and some answers derived from CSR:
1. Owners are owned by their owners – the money spent by CSR for managers is the owner of the ownership of the company's shareholders. This is obviously the laissez faire 1980s voice heard by lawyers such as Elaine Sternberg who argued that there is a human rights case against CSR, which means that a stakeholder approach to management deprives the owner of their property rights. He further explained that the goals set by the traditional views of social responsibility are absurd. Not all aspects of CSR, however, are guilty, Sternberg added that all companies need fair honesty, honesty and equity.
2nd The leading companies reporting on social responsibility are basket issues – they argued that most effective business leaders do not waste time on CSR. This argument was that CSR is merely a cosmetic publication and that, when surveys are among the most respected business leaders, they often find names such as Microsoft Bill Gates, some years ago, did not achieve world-class status during game play , Welch still remembered the brutal downsurf with which he was doing business, and environmental incidents and prosecutions. Furthermore, pointing out that Microsoft was one of the highest levels of recent dominance in the market, and Gates was able to reach the financial status where it could be cruel in the business. They noted that this point implies that True people do not commit to CSR and do not live in a world where value is always considered to be rewarded.
3rd Companies have overcooked the hard times to do so; we can not afford to take our eyes off the ball – we need to concentrate on the core business. "It was claimed that it was good for large corporations who could issue huge sums of money to CSR and that their companies did not have the capacity to reproduce the same gesture for society. Moreover, for those who are struggling to survive, it is very difficult for them to do the same. Saying you can not spend money on unnecessary edges when you stop people and the morale at Rock Bottom. And the odd part of the volunteer worker will not make any difference to the Company if it feels cynical and negative about the company's operation. They have argued that managing social responsibility is like managing a business, and it can never do too well. No matter how much you want to be happy with society, you never considered enough for babies, and that's why it was the essence of practicing futility.
4th The task of politicians is to deal with all these things. We do not have the role to play. This view is of the opinion that the Business has traditionally gone beyond the lending and public order. We will do what we can afford. They believe that the government is solely providing services and providing a legal framework that tells how the society will subscribe and that there is no point in preventing smoking from being legitimate – and then behaving as if the tobacco factories would immediately pass. – If you think it's so terrible, you should be banned. If not, then all of us must contribute to the job to meet demand for adults who can choose.
5th I have no time to do so, I have to get out and sell more to get our profitability. This group of people is of the opinion that there is not enough time to implement CSR and that they must have time and energy to reach the need for a profit line so that the company can compete competitively.
6th Companies are not really interested – they are just tempting the poor and the environment to have their obscene profits. Some companies are not really interested in contributing to the development of their host community, but are inclined to harm the environment for their business. Such companies are, for example, Oil and Gas Exploration Companies that, without adequate compensation or the appearance of CSRs, reduce their inclusive environment that is sufficiently proportionate to the degree of destruction caused by their immediate environment. massive rise against them, where host communities embrace them and make the region uninhabitable. This can be seen in Nigerian communities, such as Ogoni's In Rivers, where illiquitous and inhumane activities by oil companies have, by their nature, caused them clean rivers and air pollution to consume and breathe.
ILLUSTRATIVE APPROACHES FOR ENTERPRISE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
It is not appropriate to discuss the concept of corporate social responsibility without taking into account the perception of other parts of the world. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), which engages the company in its impact on society, can contribute to sustainable development and poverty reduction in the world. But what can be asked is that the CSR model developed in the West is best suited to CSR institutional and management models exported to other parts of the world, but not always very successful. In view of this, it is considered appropriate to study different models of the world in order to balance the need for CSR.
Traditionally, in the US, CSR was defined in the Filantrop model. Companies gain profits unhindered unless they meet their tax obligations. They then donate some share of the profits for charitable reasons. It seems that the action of the company is to benefit from the donation. Americans do not see corporate social responsibility as things like morals or traditional ethics; they rather see something happening that perhaps looks at the entrepreneur's human friends. This is evident from the various criticisms that the concept has resisted. Simply summarize the conclusion that organizations generally do not want to incorporate the culture of social responsibility into their different communities without being mandatory. In order for all business units to be socially responsible, it is necessary to make laws that force compulsion and the consequences of omission.
THE EUROPEAN SITUATION
The European model focuses more on the operation of core activity in a socially responsible way, complementing investment in communities for solid business cases. This model is more sustainable because:
Social responsibility becomes an integral part of the prosperity process, which, if appropriately addressed, is necessary to enhance business competitiveness and to maximize prosperity for society.
When times are tough, the incentive to practice CSR more and better – if it is a philosophical practice that is peripheral to the core business, it is always the first thing when times are difficult.
CSR's business definition, however, can be characterized by doing business that meets or exceeds the ethical, legal, commercial, and public expectations of society.
On the other hand, the European Commission handles its reception with two definitions:
1. A concept that companies voluntarily undertake to contribute to a better society and a cleaner environment.
2nd A concept in which companies integrate social and environmental concerns into their business and volunteer interaction with stakeholders.
When both are critically reviewed, they largely agree that the definition now focuses on how it affects the management of its core business. Some people continue to learn how to figure out how far companies are going to address their impact on their territory, especially outside this area, to contribute to achieving leadership and social goals. This is a key difference when many business leaders feel that their companies are poorly equipped to pursue what social goals and activists envision, arguing that companies have no democratic legitimacy to acquire such roles.
BUSINESS SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY REQUIRING PUBLIC BUSINESS EVALUATION
Public opinion should not be underestimated in business as it can determine the existence of a business venture and its competitors. If the concerns of the Going-Concern principle become apparent, then the reputation and ability of the Company can be well established and managed in such a way that the company clearly shows the setting of a Good and Responsible Business. This is only possible if the company has a true and German interest in the well-being of its citizens in the various management of corporate social responsibility. Undoubtedly, people like to associate with businesses that have a good reputation. Therefore, a concerted and intentional effort is needed to continue this course.
Goodwill, as we all know, is immaterial in nature. Its quantity or value can never be summed up during the action, and this can be the difference between one business and the other. Creating a good business reputation as responsible business clothing will differentiate you. By doing so, the organization is widely accepted by people by having their own feelings, promoting competitive competitive advantages between competitors and becoming an ongoing partner. Business perception should not be underestimated, as this may be a thin line between prosperity and destiny.
Well-thought-out CSR helps build a good relationship with key landlords whose opinions will be most valuable during your opponents and insecurities, and will lower your business costs and maximize your efficiency. Finally, this may affect the choice of Doing Business people. It's best to have a company appear as a partner and not an enemy of People. This course will affect business. Even the cost of business can be. Some customers handle not only responsible business clothing but also insist on it. Often, it is a good idea for some companies to purchase business clothing that is responsible for introducing responsible policies, as this can have a positive impact on how customers perceive them.
Business leaders, however, corporate social responsibility must be considered as good relationships between companies and the Society for their own benefit. Based on the above, it is important to make the most of corporate social responsibility activities public by making sure that customers, suppliers and the local community know what they are doing. CSR is thanks to Good News Stories. Such publicity can create the charm of using CSR to win many contracts.
It is known that people want to buy from businesses that are respected and approaching, and a company has been found to have social responsibility.
Nigerian Experience in Corporate Social Responsibility
(Nigeria Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility)
A fast-growing trend in business is the development of corporate social responsibility packages for multinational corporations and other corporate bodies. This is not linked to public opinion about the adverse effects of day-to-day business activities on businesses, how it affects the environment, the economy, and the lives of host communities.
Corporate Social Responsibility is a standard that a company associates differently to affect society. Its ability to contribute to sustainable development, poverty reduction, vulnerable and older citizens, and contribute to the national economy and private enterprises. This is rapidly becoming an apology for fraudulent misuse for social responsibility and environmental protection to maximize profits.
From Oil-Multinational Companies in Nigerian Delta Nigeria, Telecommunication Giants, Drug Producers, Until the Consolidated Banking Sector. Well-published charitable and philanthropic businesses, such as corporate social responsibility (CSR), have become very popular for designing abusive publicity. Over time, Nigerian multinational corporations simply sign agreements with the indigenous government without distinguishing between direct host communities. Of course, this is what illustrates the protracted agitation of the Oil-rich Niger Delta, as multinational corporations have been constantly violating environmental rules for decades to the detriment of host communities in the Ogoni lands and criminals in brutal violations. human rights in these communities is a successful civilian and military government.
When the late-dictator's dramatic government, General Sanni Abacha, for the Mozoni Movement and Ken Saro-Wiwa, and eight other members of the Mozoni Movement, made the Ogoni People's Resistance (MOSOP): Against Local and International Outrage in 1995 Oil Multinationals such as shells, can not release themselves from the complicity of the murders because they have been unable to satisfy the legitimate needs of host communities by reducing environmental pollution without any tangible compensation without spillage or gas blowing. Shell would have been regarded as socially responsible if the hosting communities, the development of social infrastructures and the payment of their rights and compensation to the abuses in question had been substantially facilitated rather than the deception of host communities in spite of the non-khalant government who ignored this Outside the court of jurisdiction for damages against the shell of Ogoni Martyrs.
In order to overcome such abuses, the government's budgetary responsibility towards citizens must be in line with the corporate social responsibility activity for the people. This will help eradicate generous violence in the ever-resting Niger Delta and in the southeastern part of the country where the militia, the vandalism of the pipeline, and the latest kidnapping of the mighty Ransom criminals are getting bigger. The recent history has shown the military's impact on national security, socio-political activities and the economy. They give a look at the riots that led to the announcement of the state of emergency in Bayelsa in 1998 to withdraw oil molecules from the region and partly and definitively halt oil production in the country.
The latest settlements of Pfizer's international drug giants have begun a lawsuit against malnutrition in the Kano state during a meningitis epidemic on child abuse and the other on misuse of corporate social responsibility. The company and the parties concerned agreed on a $ 75 million settlement. Pfizer's spokesman, as quoted in the Associated Press Communication of 29 July 2009, confirms that Pfizer is based on the 1996 study, which was approved by the Nigerian Government with the consent of the participants. the parents took the priests and the study was consistent with the Nigerian laws.
Pfizer's offense to our children with experimental floating birds: if the government asks for help in the endemic outbreak, it is untenable. It does not release Pfizer to unlock the unfortunate incident and accuses the government of being a criminal offense as non-injured victims, the Children are the constitutional discharge of the public debt function to the citizen under the 2007 Fiscal Responsibility Act. By failing to verify the facts about the risk of such an unprecedented experiment of such innocent children, the government, which has become a major misuse of multinational and governmental crime. This prompted Richard Altshuler to argue that the settlement agreement accused the victims in a short time and received millions of dollars of Nigerian officials. Even the government can reach $ 10 million as a litigation.
Also denies the corporate ethics of corporate social responsibility when Pfizer wants to transfer the remaining funds from municipal money to the local government fund against the early agreement that the remaining $ 30 million will be spent on building the state metropolis hospital. Moreover, the misinterpretation of the turn of events is a real corporate social responsibility. This is because even damages money, which is a punitive action, can not correct the nasty event.
In the telecommunications sector, multinational corporations are also in this sector of the CSR philanthropic buzz. MTN, for example, was created by the MTN Foundation and the Child Risk Improvement System (CARES) to provide psychosocial support for the child's social and psychological support. This project was aimed at children who lost both parents: it is no doubt a commendable initiative. But it must be seen that this is encouraged to sponsor a wide range of scholarships and laboratories and cancer care equipment in schools and Nigerian hospitals.
In the light of the above, the holistic approach is unworthy of real corporate social responsibility in our society. The government needs to create a supportive environment by aggressively handling security, power and poverty issues at the highest minimum. so multinational corporations have the opportunity to meet the Triple Bottom Line credo; profit, environmental protection and the maintenance of social justice. While the federal government is struggling for the security of private businesses, despite the good governance of its citizens and its other obligations towards its multinational partners, the Nigerian government must be worthy of the trust of people in multinational companies, a double standard for oil spill prevention, timing of gas weapons eradication to fair relations with trade unions in their business.
In the light of the above, the holistic approach is unworthy of real corporate social responsibility in our society. The government needs to create a supportive environment by aggressively addressing issues of security, power and poverty. Thus multinational corporations must comply with the Triple Bottom Line credo; profit, environmental protection and the maintenance of social justice. While the federal government is struggling for the security of private businesses, despite the good governance of its citizens and its other obligations towards its multinational partners, the Nigerian government must be worthy of the trust of people in multinational companies, a double standard for oil spill prevention, timing of gas weapons eradication to fair relations with trade unions in their business.
INTERNATIONAL SITUATION OF HUMAN SOCIETY RESPONSIBILITY IN NIGERIA COMPANIES
The term CSR has three main keys to the Nigerian organization; include Philanthropy, economic support and compensation. Philanthropy refers to a humanitarian and charitable service run by corporate organizations to the people. Companies are well-versed in their activities to make people feel comfortable with their operations. Local communities often have an unforgiving amount of money for community development, cultural practices and festivities.
Another activity of the Nigerian Institute for People's Costs is considered as an economic aid. In this case, corporate organizations help provide social services such as portable water, school building and maintenance, park maintenance, support for basic and basic care systems, the introduction of authorization systems, and less privileged.
The third is the compensating CSR thread that gradually gains ground. Organizations compensate the Nigerian government, communities and individuals for some breaks in the manufacturing process. The three strands of corporate social responsibility can be viewed by various organizations in Nigeria, such as the United States of Africa (UBA) and MTN Nigeria.
Source by Newton Obanore